Peaches or ‘Prunus persica”are small fruit with a fuzzy peel and a sweet white or yellow flesh. They’re thought to have originated in China more than 8,000 years ago.
Peaches are related to plums, apricots, cherries, and almonds. They’re considered drupes or stone fruit because their flesh surrounds a shell that houses an edible seed.
- Peaches are high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They also contain beneficial plant compounds like antioxidants, which can help protect your body from aging and disease.
- Peaches contain fiber, which contributes to smooth digestion and a lower risk of gut disorders. Peach flowers also provide certain compounds that appear to support a healthy gut.
- Peaches contain compounds that may help reduce risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure, as well as triglyceride and cholesterol levels. However, more studies in humans are needed.
- Compounds in peaches and peach flowers may help keep your skin healthy by maintaining moisture and protecting against sun damage. However, more research is needed.
- Compounds found in peaches may offer some protection against cancer by limiting the formation, growth, and spread of cancerous cells. However, more studies are needed to confirm these benefits.
- Peaches may help lower your immune system’s response to allergens, thus reducing allergy symptoms. However, more studies — particularly in humans — are needed.
- Peaches may boost immunity, rid the body of toxins, and reduce blood sugar levels. However, research in these areas is limited.
- Peaches are widely available and can be eaten in a variety of ways. Enjoy them on their own or easily incorporate them into main dishes, sides, smoothies, or desserts.
Knowing your Peach
It’s best to purchase fresh peaches that are either under-ripe or slightly ripe. Fresh peaches are the most nutritious, followed by frozen and then canned.